Billings, who returned last month from his latest trip to South America, said he feels like Indiana Jones as he and a team of cavers explore caverns that have never been seen by humans.
“We go deep enough, or dig into openings, that no one has ever been into before,” Billings said. “It’s something, it feels like I’m an astronaut, to be the first person to ever step on that ground.”
His team, armed with helmets, ropes, backpacks and machetes (to cut through the jungle), is responsible for mapping caves as well as recovering or taking inventory of archaeological (from Mayan pottery, petroglyphs and sacrificial tools) or biological findings (from human skeletons to new insect species). Because many cave systems in Belize were used by the Mayans as places of worship, Billings’ team regularly finds Mayan artifacts that have been sitting undisturbed for more than a thousand years.
“Mayans associated caves with the underworld,” Billings said. “They both feared and worshipped these caves and rarely went inside except for rituals — because of that, the artifacts we find are usually in great condition. On this last trip, we found a tomb filled with Mayan artifacts.”
Exploring caves — starting with abandoned mines and caves near Joshua Tree — has been a passion for Billings since he was a teenager. As a teenager, he joined a caving club and said he started reading any book he could get his hands on at the library that had to do with caves. Additionally, he found government files at the library about geological studies.
“I went to school for business, but I was doing my own, private homeschooling,” Billings said, adding that although he decided to take over his family’s hardware store business, he made caving his passion and hobby outside of work.
Today, Billings has more than a decade of experience leading teams and drawing maps of cave systems in Belize, in addition to decades more experience exploring caves in North America. It’s tough work — requiring physical fitness, survival skills, the ability to rock climb, scuba diving knowledge, and courage in the face of darkness, heights and tight spaces.
Billings said he has camped underground for five days at a time, has squeezed through crevasses he could barely fit through, been cave diving with crocodiles, and been to places inside the earth where the oxygen levels have dipped dangerously low. But he said caving isn’t about taking unnecessary risks for the sake of adventure.
“Caving is a lifestyle,” he explained. “You are trying to be as safe as you possibly can. You are looking for the safest way and easiest way of moving through a space that least damages the caves. We are all about preserving and documenting what we find — we hate to see vandalism or graffiti.”
Billings said he doesn’t get scared inside caves, but he said everyone has reasonable fears or knowledge that if they fall, they are going to get hurt. And, he recalls being afraid once — even jumping out of the water and scaling a wall — after being bitten in the leg by an unknown creature with big teeth.